Applied Linguistics is an anglo Americana term. In 1956 it was first applied by the School of applied linguistics of the University of Edinburgh. After it, the time used at the center of applied linguistics in Washington DC. It is the use of language and its knowledge that what we know about the language, how it can use, and how people learn the language in the actual life setting. Various language-related researches used in Applied linguistics as “language acquisition, language teaching, literacy, gender studies, language policy, speech therapy, discourse analysis, censorship, workplace communication, media studies, translation, lexicography, forensic linguistics and much more.” This study will elaborate on all important aspects of Applied Linguistics as What is Applied linguistics? Introduction to Applied linguistics, its role in learning in society, and so on.
Applied linguistics is a branch of linguistics that studies the method and approaches for the practical problems associated with language usage. It not only follows the theory of general linguistics but also makes an influence on it. Particular studies and researches that formulates the essential components of applied linguistics are needed to solve the practical and experimental problems of language. It is a scientific discipline and determined by the actual needs. Applied linguistics five principal mainly. It adopted in various disciplines such as education, psychology, communication studies, anthropology, sociology, and many other subjects.
According to the various linguists and language, scholars applied linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of study. It includes multilingualism, bilingualism, contrastive linguistics, conversation analysis, sign language, and linguistics. Literature, literacies, discourse analysis, language pedagogy, language planning and second language acquisition, pragmatic, translation, and forensic linguistics, or even studies in every branch of knowledge and education and social institution, require language applications. Chris Brumfit defines applied linguistics as “the theoretical and empirical investigation of real-world problems in which language is a central issue” (Brumfit, 1995, p. 27
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The primary focus of Applied lInguistics is always on language. It observes the rules and regulations, theories, and hypotheses for applying the word in various fields. Some fields overlap with the applied linguistics as the use of it in classroom settings and ongoing debates of education and education policymaking.
In the very first step, it follows the preservation of speech and information. It includes the formation of the alphabets, practical transcription and translation, and the writing system of the language and orthography. In the second stage, it transfers the information. Follows the theory of interpretation, basic scientific and technical translation, and the formation of the automated translation mechanism. It covers the digital synthesis and recognition of the speech, second language teaching and learning, and the teaching of language to deaf-mutes and blind-deaf mutes. The speech act theory or theory of speech studies and help the learners how to improve speech and transmission in communication.
At the third point, applied linguistics follows the automation of intellectual activities interlinked with language usage. Intercepts artificial intelligence and its use in automated information retrieval. The next end supports the disciplines and field of studies and the use of language in those disciplines. In the area of neurolinguistics, it studies speech pathologies, aphasia, and diagnosis of brain damage. In the field of mass communication, the embraces of language planning in the countries that have multi-languages in the masses is also a practical application of the applied linguistics. The multi-lingual community works on the use of various languages in society, their dictionary, standardized terminology, and the study of the companies’ trademarks and organization.
Applied linguistics is an autonomous, problem solving and multidisciplinary field of study. It uses various theories of related areas of language and then develops its theory. With the help of those particular theories, it tries to find the problems and language-related issues in those very fields and disciplines. Applied linguistics study the practicality and actual language use of the people in various fields and disciplines: as in judiciary, education, markets, forces, and all other regulations of the world that require language usage.
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The primary purpose of the applied linguistics is to find out the solution of the language-related issues such as language learning and communication teaching issues, issues related to literacy and language content, the relationship of writing with its culture, Language use, its assessment and evaluation, use of writing with the help of technology, language translation, and artificial intelligence, interpretation and speech pathology.
So applied linguistics works to resolve the language-related issue and find the answer to all questions linked with various fields of study. When we observe keenly, we see that as applied linguistics is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics. So it is also closely interlinked with the cognitive linguistics, as Cognitive linguistics works and studies on the memory, and language-related issues. On the other hand, applied linguistics works on the practical applications of the language. Both branches of linguistics interlinked with each other, and many times, work cooperatives betterment the language application and understand the working. Moreover, all the important points have been elaborated in this Introduction to Applied linguistics.
Written & Reviewed by: Muhammad Asad Kasra,
M.Phil Scholar, Riphah Institute of Language and Literature, Riphah International University Lahore, Pakistan.