Some conventional medicine should have in every home for first aid treatment (providing primary medical care for illness or sudden injury). The necessary procedure is essential at the right time to prevent significant diseases from minor ailments. First aid treatment includes a minor accident, fracture of the bone, electric shock, burns, snake bite, and dog bite. Before discussing medicines that should keep in the first aid medicine kite at home, we must know about first aid treatment. So here we discuss first aid treatment and then medicine kit and Medicines For First Aid Medicine Kit.
In a small accident, cuts and scraped skin are common injuries that can usually treat at home. In this case, raise the injury, apply pressure, clean and dry the cut, and cover with a sterile dressing. Do not apply hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with a deep cut and use antibiotics. The wound should heal by itself within a few days.
A crack or break in a bone is called a fracture. Broken bone causes difficulty in movement in an unnatural direction, loose of strength, swelling, a grating feeling, shock, and limbs look shorter, twisted, or bent. In this case, do some steps:
- Protect the wound with a sterile dressing and fix it with a bandage.
- Control any bleeding by applying pressure around the wound.
- Support the injured body part to stop it from moving; this should ease any pain and prevent any further damage.
- After doing all these steps, call for emergency medical assistance.
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Electrical wires, currents, or lightning; these cause electrical burns. Turn the power off before touching the affected person. If impossible, keep a person away from the source with dry wood, plastic, or cardboard. Cover the wounds, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and call for medical help immediately.
Heat, fire, radiation, sun rays, hot water are a common reason for burns. First determine the extent of damage to the body tissue to distinguish a minor injury and severe trauma, for this you must know the degree of burns.
The skin is red; there is pain and swelling in the affected area.
Second-degree burn possesses a blister in the affected area and there are severe swelling and pain. The skin is an intensely red having splotchy appearance.
The third-degree burn is severely involved all layers of the skin which caused permanent tissue damage.
First-degree burn and second-degree burn extent to 3 inches area. So hold the affected area below cold running water for 10 to 15 minutes or until the pain becomes less. Or cool it with cold compresses but do not put ice directly on the wound. Cover the gauze smoothly to keep away putting pressure on burned skin. Bandaging protects blister skin, reduces pain, and keeps air off the burn. Apply aloe vera cream or antibiotic ointment and use some pain killer.
A third-degree burn is the most severe burns call for medical help immediately. While waiting for help to arrive do some precaution:
- Do not take away burned clothing
- Make sure the victim is not in contact with smoldering material.
- Don’t immerse extensive burns in cold water which could cause a fall in body temperature, worsening of blood pressure, and circulating.
- Check signs of circulating (movement, breathing, coughing) if there is no indication to begin CPR.
- Raise the burn body parts above the heart level if possible.
- Wrap the burn area with a cold sterile bandage or damp cloth towels.
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Most of the snakes are not poison, then clean the wound and apply for medicine. If a venomous snake-like cobra bite, then it has two marks of bite and causes neurological damage. Pain, redness, swelling, blurring of vision, unconsciousness, and coma are involved. The first aid treatment is to keep calm patient, clean by soap and water, apply ice around the bite to remove the poison. Slow the blood flow to prevent the venom from traveling through the body. It immobilized the person, using the pressure bandage over the bite site.
Cat, monkey and dog bite cause infection, but in the mouth of dogs have bacteria and viruses that are very poison. In this case, clean with soap and water for 5-10 minutes, not rub and allow bleeding to prevent infection. Go to the hospital for further treatment and the anti-rabies vaccine.
Now we discuss the medicines that should be in-home for essential treatment in a case when it is impossible to go outside and treat minor illness. Our list includes the following medications:
Paracetamol 500mg tablets:
Paracetamol is a necessary element in Medicines For First Aid Medicine Kit. Brands of the paracetamol are calpol and penadol or any other paracetamol 500mg tablets
Uses: It use in toothache, ear pain, migraine, mild to moderate pain, headache, pain, and fever.
Anti-inflammatory pain killer:
Brufen 400mg is readily available on the market.
Fever, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis, and mild to moderate pain.
You must keep some ant-diarrhea medicine in your first aid kit.
sporlac DS and loperamide
Use electoral powder (ORS) in case you face dehydration.
Wikoryl and sinarest or any other anti-cold tablets must keep in the medicine kit. If you have blocked nose due to cold and have difficulty breathing, use otrivin (xylometazoline).
Zantac, Gomez, or any other brand of antacids keep at home.
Heartburn and acidity
Always take ant-acids tablets on an empty stomach.
To stop vomiting:
We must add some medicine for vomiting like domperidone and gravinate (dimenhydrinate).
For mouth ulcers:
Folic acid tablets must keep or keep the tablets of B-falcin, and B-folcin gel is available in the market.
For minor accidents first, apply antiseptic liquid and cover with a bandage. Some common antiseptics :
- Dettol liquid (antiseptic liquid)
- Hydrogen Peroxide (Antiseptic)
- Burnol (For Burns and Injury)
- Iodine Tincture (Antiseptic)
- Betadine (Povidone-Iodine Ointment Or Powder) And
- Soframycin Cream used for Bacterial Infection of Ear and Eye.
Some surgical things must keep in the home for cuts and injury, which are the following:
- Cotton role
- Gauze piece
- Adhesive tap
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Medicines For First Aid Medicine Kit at home is necessary to store at a specific temperature and out of reach of children. Check expiry before taking medication and expire drugs must discard. Keep all medicine in a box having a symbol of medicine (+).