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Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan

Faisal Mosque Islamabad

The Mosque is a sacred place for Muslims and is not only meant for worship but social purposes as well. The first Mosque was built by the holy prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) in Yathrib (Medina) by the trunk and leaves and trunks of palm trees. Mosques are the center of attraction when it comes to traditional exhibitions. With the advancements in technology, the architecture of conventional mosques has also been revolutionized. Faisal mosque is one of such Mosque built on modern values and is located in Pakistan. The Grand Mosque is located at Shah Faisal eve, E-8, Islamabad, Islamabad capital territory 44000. It is named after the Saudi king Shah Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz as it was a gift from him to the people of Pakistan. The Grand Mosque, with its triangular geometry and well-paved interior and exterior structure, enhances the aestheticism of the country. Faisal Mosque is the largest and Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan as well as world’s 4th Widest mosque in the world.

 Description and key facts of Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan:

The gridiron master plan of the capital city Islamabad was formulated by Greek architecture Doxiadis. It is in the region of about 351 square inches. The city comprises of 8 functional zones, administrative sectors, essential government ministries, parks, and many famous tourist places. The Military president of that time Ayyub Khan selected this city for the construction of this fascinating Mosque to create a difference from other cities.

Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan
Night view of the Faisal Mosque Islamabad

History Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan:

 

The foundation of the Mosque was lead in 1966 during the official visit of the Saudi king in Pakistan.  A Turkish architect Vedat Dolakay designed the Mosque on Islamic guidelines. The concept of architecture was based on modernity and religious views. And now, this Mosque is the center of attraction due to its historic reservation of modernity and spiritual values. The Arabian Bedouin’s tents were behind the inspiration of the iconic Grand Mosque. The large Mosque is located against the picturesque Marghalla hills. A significant part of the construction of about 120 million US$ was funded by the king Shah Faisal. In initial days the Mosque became a center of criticism by many conservative Muslims due to its dome-less design. But later upon its completion in 1986, it gained its recognition as a crown of the city.

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The cultural and traditional architecture Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan:

In traditional architecture, the domes and minarets were an integral part due to a lack of advancement in technology. These domes were made to enhance the acoustic effects in the old days, where sound technology was under-developed. Similarly, nowadays, the Imam doesn’t need to climb up the minarets for Adan. Hence both of these structures are now not considered integral in the architect of a modern mosque. The Shah Faisal mosque being a historic reservation of modernity and religious values are also based on this modern architect. Four minarets covering the octagonal concrete shell of the Mosque are purely architectural signs. The unique layout of the dome-less Faisal mosque was highly augmented until it got completed and became the crown of the city. It is a popular tourist point for foreigners and even for people from other towns. Tourists all over the world come here and it is most famous place for religious Tourism.

Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan
Outlook of the Mehrab of Faisal mosque Islamabad

Modern outlook of Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan:

The architecture of the Faisal Mosque is ideal and unique according to contemporary trends in science and technology. Unless other mosques in history, it lacks typical domes and arches. The shape of the Mosque is more like an eight side concrete shell just like Kabbah and flanked by four minarets on its sides. The prayer hall is triangular. The Mosque can accommodate about 10,000 worshipers in its gallery, and more than 250,000 worshipers can be accommodated in its lawn and courtyard. From 1986 till 1993 it was the biggest Mosque in the world.

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The inlay work of the Mosque: a tribute to the Mughal era:

Decoration of the open space, walls, and minarets have always been a part of captivating historical monuments, especially in the Mughal Period. But this tradition was set off for almost more than 100 years. But the Faisal mosque has rejuvenated the art of inlay work. The name of Almighty Allah is inlaid at the center of the mehrab of the Mosque in a fascinating way. The precious stones and decorative materials used dates back to ancient times. A large fountain at the entrance of the sanctuary serves as a masterpiece of great work with its mesmerizing golden marble inlay. It’s neat finishing, rectangular and triangular style, floral pattern, and linear geometric leaves an aesthetic effect. The kursi made of white marble is another technical approach to artistic calligraphy. All these inlay approaches could not be found in any other historical monument of the world. But the inlay work revives the old Mughal traditions.

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Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan
Beautification of Faisal Mosque’s with Tiles

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The tile mosaic and color philosophy of Most Fascinating Mosque in Pakistan:

The tile mosaic is a traditional art of embellishing the surface of historical monuments. This technique was adopted by Persian potters to enhance the richness of colors in such historical monuments. The tile mosaic used in the ablution area of the mosque throwbacks to the Opus tessellated style. Traditionally tiles are classified according to the technique with which they are adorned. These include common surface technique, Cuerda Seca, luster, under and overglazed. None of the traditional methods are used in the Faisal mosque. Only upper portions of the walls are adorned with tiles, which created the real difference and made it unique from existing styles. The tile work in Turkish architect was used for a specific symbolic representation, but this is not the case with Faisal mosque. The tile mosaic here in Faisal mosque is solely for ornamentation purposes, and it depicts a clear picture of blessings and praise to the almighty Allah. These delicate tile work and calligraphic were the efforts of a very talented artisan Sadequain.

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Conclusions:

The Mosque gained recognition worldwide due to its unique layout, modern outlook, and geometrical concept. The glass used in its triangular walls has replaced the ceramic work and has enhanced the beauty by the direct entrance of light into the hall. It is the fourth largest Mosque in the world for its capacity of more than 250,000 worshipers. It has a praying hall, library and café inside. The Mosque became fascinating due to its accuracy in color philosophy and inlay work. The carpeted interior and beautiful Turkish chandelier have added to the beauty of this place. The Mosque has another distinguishing feature that is not enclosed by any wall. It is open to land.

 

References:

www.tourism.gov.pk , www.tripadvisor.com

 

Written by: Farzana Nazir, farzananazir777@gmail.com

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