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Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World

Second Most Fascinating Capital of the World, Islamabad

Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan. This city has many distinct features which made it different from all other cities of the state. The cleanliness and orderliness of the city are two significant impacts that enhance its beauty and is Considered Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World. Islamabad is considered as the symbolic center of the nation because of the presence of the seats of government and national parliament within it.

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History of Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World:

Different researches have revealed that the region was earlier occupied by the Aryan community that had moved there from central Asia. Remains of other religious sentiments such as the Buddhist stupa were also discovered near Shah Allah Dita caves were also found there. Belongings of the Neolithic period were also discovered near the bank of the swan river. Tools used in the prehistoric era were also discovered from Rawat. The shifting of the capital territory from Karachi to Islamabad was one of the significant reforms during the reign of 10th military president Ayyub Khan. Initially, Karachi was made the capital of the country, but unhealthy climate, scarcity of water, a humid environment and some other political issues of the city made it unsuitable and caused instability in the state. Another reason for shifting the capital was that Karachi is the business hub of the nation, and it could affect the economic state of the nation along with other activities.

Islamabad’s First Information Technology Park

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Planning and construction of Islamabad Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World:

After thorough research and discussions in 1959, the creation of a new capital near the Potohar region was announced by the government. The government formed a committee comprising of specialists from different sectors. A site twelve miles away from an existing city Rawalpindi was selected. An area between Rawalpindi and Marghalla hills was selected due to its excellent climatic conditions and ample supply of water.  and the Margalla Hills with their serene beauty make Islamabad Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World. After the selection of site, sub-committees were made for planning and construction of the city. A Greek Architect Dr. doxiadis was appointed as an advisor of the committee. A master grid plan was made by doxiadis. Two significant sites were selected on the north and north-east side of the country for construction. Site A with its more extensive area, was preferred over site B with river swan crossing it diagonally. Master plans were made under the supervision of experts and then passed by the experts. After the succession of the plan, bare bones of the city were made in 1963. The capital was transferred from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad in 1966 after its complete establishment.

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Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World and its Administration:

ICT or Islamabad capital territory is considered as the civil administration of the city, which governs the significant laws of the city. Whereas the local government of the city is Islamabad metropolitan city which governs the planning and developmental authorities of the city. The city was divided into eight different zones such as administrative zone, residential areas, diplomatic enclave zone, Educational sectors, industrial sectors, Rural areas and green areas.

Islamabad is planned and divided into sectors and phases.

Sectors and Phases in Islamabad Capital Territory, ICT:

The sectors of the city are arranged in alphabetical order from A-I. The sectors A, B and C are still underdeveloped. Sector D is located at the foot of marghalla hills and comprises of 7 sectors D (11-17) out of which only D-12 is completely developed. Foreigners mostly occupy sector E. Defence universities such as Bahria University, Air University and the National defence university are also in sector E-8 and E-9. F sector is numbered from F-5 to F-17. F-9 is completely covered by Jinnah park, and F-5 is important from a technological point of view as it is a centre of attraction for the software industry. The G series is numbered from G-5 to G-17, and the most significant medical complex of the capital is located in G-8. The H series is numbered from 8-17 and is mostly occupied by the educational and health sectors. The I sectors are numbered from I-8 to I-18. Except for sector I-8, the whole series has a significance in the industrial zone.

Modern policing System of ICT:

In the era of technology, developments are being made in each sector of the country. The police force is engaged in defence against terrorist and criminal activities. This defence system has gained strength in the capital territory through the use of advanced technology. Police system of the Second Most Fascinating Capital in the World being a forerunner is playing its vital role against effective policing strategies. Modern techniques are also being implemented in the police department, and the outcomes are being evident with control over criminal activities. Use of technology to revolutionize criminal access through computerized management system has helped a lot in crime mapping, record management, complaint management system and many more. The ultimate results are a decreasing ratio in criminal activities. This computerization mechanism has reduced the chances of human errors and made adequate supervision become possible. Use of the “Hotel Eye software” and “Mega match devices” are becoming popular and most effective in smart policing.

The defining characteristic of the modern police force is that it is dedicated to the prevention, which was always not thought to be the business of the police.”


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Relevant ministries and government official:

All the essential ministries have their heads in the capital territory such as the senate of Pakistan, National assembly of Pakistan, Prime minister’s house, Presidents office, Cabinet division of Pakistan Ministry for commerce and textile industry, Ministry of communication, Ministry of defence, Ministry of Education, Ministry of defence, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of foreign affairs, Ministry of interiors and narcotics control and many others. These all are the regulatory bodies of the government and are involved in policy planning, development and evaluation.

Culture of Islamabad-museums, parks and other places to visit:

The creation of a separate homeland and an independent lifestyle is a result of great sacrifices. In the commemoration of these sacrifices “The Pakistan monument” was established in 2007 by the government at that time. This place is a beautiful description of the artwork and talent of the nation. The place is divided into two sections on one end a flower-shaped monument representing the historical background and on the other end exists the wax museum “The Pakistan monument museum”. The museum throwbacks to the historical events that took place in the creation of the homeland. These places unleash the culture of the nation uniquely.

“Culture opens a sense of beauty.”

(Ralph Waldo Emerson)

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Fascinating pilgrimage and tourist site in islamabd
Faisal Mosque was build under an co project with Saudi Arabia and Pakistan.

Important religious places for pilgrimage:

Islamabad is considered as the second most beautiful Capital city in the world. It has a huge potential for tourism and tourist. The city is also the centre of many internationally important religious pilgrimages such as the Shah Faisal Mosque. The mosque is situated at the foot of marghalla hill and was designed by a Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay. The significant portion of the expenses in construction of the mosque was a gift from the Saudi King Faisal. Some other religious pilgrimage in the city includes the Bari Imam shrine, Lal Masjid and St. Thomas church. Some other temples within the city are Rawal lake temple, Golra temple and Saidpur village temple.

Higher educational institutions Islamabad City:

There are many public and private sector universities in the capital territory of the country. The internationally renowned universities include NUST (National university of science and technology), PIEAS (Pakistan institute of engineering and applied sciences) the National defence university, Quaid e Azam University and many more are among the list. NUST and PIEAS are being ranked under world’s top universities by the QS World’s Ranking. These universities offer various bachelors and doctorate programs. Qualified graduates and professionals from these institutes are serving the nation and world as well.


Islamabad being capital of Pakistan, has several distinct features that made it different and unique from other cities. The gridiron master plan, pollution-free environment, better educational facilities, lesser traffic on roads, better health facilities and the mixed ethnic background are all of those characteristics, which makes it desirable to live.


Authored by: Farzana Nazir,


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