Health-care standards of WHO and medical community? Why there exists a gulf between developed and developing countries?
After observing Health-care systems all over the world, WHO sets some Health-care standards so that to assist Health-care related responsible to direct their policies for Health-care accordingly. Many countries have even conducted surveys to delve their Health-care systems, weather they are providing standard Health-care to citizens or not. Major goal of global Health-care standards is to make it feasible for citizens to attain good and quality Health-care services, so that they can improve their health and well being. WHO also guides of implementation and tools of implementing quality health-care systems.
WHO Health Care Standard 1 Awareness:
Health-care ministers and all other responsible must boring Awareness to people about their health. They should know about their health and from where they can obtain health-care facilities. They should also be aware of when they need health-care services. Most facilities are more effective at earliest stages than later, so awareness is really and essential for standard health-care system. Proper knowledge regarding disease and it’s earlier diagnosis can help to improved and timely Health-care services. Health literary and counseling is a very basic and important standard to be followed.
Health facilities should have signboard which mention operating hours, waiting areas with latest information and awareness bringing messages, Health-care providers themselves should be competent and workers should be well trained to literate people about their health.
WHO Health Care Standard 2 Community support:
Second standard talks about community support, being social animals we can never omit community support. In communities, parents, guardians, family members and even religious leaders influence people weather to get certain health-care services or not. WHO envisions that both older and you g, married and unmarried people get health facilities equally and easily.
Health care providers should have proper plans to educate the community, parents and guardians that how much it is valuable for their adolescence to visit health facility in time? . How much community should support the people to visit health facilities?
WHO Health Care Standard 3 Appropriate package of services:
This package includes proper information, counseling, proper diagnostic essentials, treatment and care services. In our communities many health problems get neglected, some of them are marked as unimportant, which later on cause deaths. Mental health issues and sexual issues are widely neglected, which can lead to morbidity and mortality.
Health facilities should have proper counseling plans, diagnosis and treatment arrangements. They should have knowledge of importance of mental health issues and should be able to guide people regarding care and level to care to be sought.
WHO Health Care Standard 4 Competent Health-care providers:
Health-care providers should be competent enough so they respect and protect the rights of patients, their privacy and confidentiality. They should be non-judgemental, non-discriminating so that patients find it easy to tell their problems to health-care providers. Attitude of health-care providers matter a lot, it can make communication better between patients and health-care providers better. Certain behaviors and attitudes from health-care providers may restrain people from taking certain health-care services.
WHO Health Care Standard 5 Facility characteristics:
Health facility should have a properly clean, welcoming environment, it should have all basic needs to provide proper health-care facilities like equipment, medicine, supplies and technology as well as importantly, the confidentiality. Operating hours should also be relaxing. Health facility should ensure a healthy clean, friendly, secure, supportive and accessible organization.
WHO Health Care Standard 6 Equality:
Health facility should provide health-care to people regardless of their age, gender, race, ethnicity, marital status, and their financial status. Behavior of health-care staff should be non-discriminating and impartial. It is an obligation for health-care providers to provide services regardless of seekers gender, age, ethnic origin and marital status.
WHO Health Care Standard 7 Data and Quality improvement:
Health facility should collect data about utilization of services provided by them and quality of care they are providing. This data determines level of quality of health-care being provided and improvements needed in them. Data determines the performance of health-care facility.
WHO Health Care Standard 8 Participation of people themselves:
People should be actively involved in evaluating the health-care services and also planning and taking decisions about their Health-care. People themselves have best knowledge about their needs so they can provide good planning and implementation regarding their health-care services. For this regular individual interviews and surveys can help to monitor what people actually want?.
These standards ensure patient care and management of health facility. These standards can serve as a baseline to design health-care standards for different regulatory bodies of health-care systems all over the world. Our health-care systems need improvements, importantly and very commonly mental health is being neglected on a large scale. Main focus should be to provide health-care services without any discrimination.
WHY A GULF BETWEEN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?
When there exists some kind of imbalance, there will be surely a gulf. But question is Why there is that imbalance and then resulting gulf? Answer lies in question itself, because some countries are developed and some are still trying to get the badge of developed. In health-care systems patient care and management of health facilities are affected in the same way, these systems are well developed in developed countries, hence they are better able to provide their citizens quality health-care. Well the same developed countries leave developing countries in a phase of recovery by aiding them in time of their crisis. This aid is apparently a very positive factor, but at the bottom it affects country’s growth and it’s abilities to stabilize itself, in such conditions main goal becomes the recovery of that country. Lack of resources is another factor, less resources limit governments to provide good lifestyle to their citizens. Many other factors like political, cultural and socioeconomic values also contribute to development gap.
Solution to this development gap is encouraging trade. Trade can decrease this development gap between developed and developing countries, providing mutual gains to both sides. Via trade developing countries can achieve economic gains, and can get freedom from their poverty trap. Trade can only be effective if countries would follow appealing and working trade policies.